One of the most form of waste is water waste. Think about all the water we use in our household for showering, cleaning utensils, doing laundry, flushing the toilet and many other water functions in our homes and work places.
Water may make up 70% of our planet, but it is not as abundant as we think. Freshwater is the water people rely on for daily use, and it is quite rare as only 3% of the world’s water is fresh water.
Water scarcity describes the lack of adequate water to sustain water usage needs in an area. It already impacts on every continent, and about 2.8 billion people worldwide find it hard to get water for at least one month each year. Over 1.2 billion people do not have access to clean water.
Statistics indicate that the oceans account for about 97% of the Earth’s water.
Also, they cover over 71 percent of the Earth’s surface. Out of all that sea water, 2-3 percent has ice caps and glaciers, while 1 percent is fresh water. The rest? Piecing salty water.
The statistics on the safety of drinking water across the world can be alarming. One in ten people does not have clean water close to their homes, while one in four people lack a decent toilet of their own.
Access to safe drinking water is recognized as a fundamental human right, and the lack of it exposes a community to a lot of health perils, including diseases like cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, and dysentery.